The empire of Aztec civilization was spread in a vast area of 20,000 square kilometers. It was the most indigenous civilization before the Spanish colonized Mexico. The empire covered a huge area which stretched from the Pacific coasts of the Gulf of Mexico and from Central Mexico to the land that is Guatemala today.
The Aztecs built their capital Tenochtitlan into wonderful city. The city had been grown on an island. It extended into the lake Texoco by means of floating gardens and by pushing piles into the shallow water of the lake. A grid system of canals and streets was constructed around pyramids, temples and palaces.
The Aztecs did not write using an alphabet. The priests and scribes wrote using a form of little pictures called ‘glyphs’. Books were written on deer skin or the bark of the wild fig tree. Both sides of the skin or bark were written on, then fold like a map.
The Aztecs used many musical instruments, because music played a large part in their religious festivals and services. The main instruments played were the flute, drums and rattles. The Aztec Empire possessed great power for about 100 years, until most of the civilization was destroyed by the Spanish in the early 1500s.