Monday, October 17, 2016

Hurrian people

The Hurrians were entering Mesopotamian at about Haran from Armenia, from northern mountains between the Black and Caspian Seas. They were a non-Indo-European, non-Semitic people who moved south into Assyria at the beginning of the second Millennium and eventually migrated across northern Mesopotamia into Syria.

By 2200 BC Hurrians appear to have established themselves throughout northern Mesopotamian and their immigration must have started at least one generation earlier than the reign of Naram-Sin of Akkad.

This king conquered a number of places with Hurrians names, probably located in the Habur region in the northeast of modern Syria.

Urkesh: ancient city of the Hurrians
However, under the Third Dynasty of Ur, their main centers of population were still to the east of the Tigris.

The Hurrians adopted many aspects of Mesopotamian culture, and it may be through Hurrian versions for the most part that the Greeks came to know Sumerian and Babylonians myths. In Syria power was generally in the hands of the Amorites, but Hurrians had nevertheless crossed the Euphrates and conquered some territories on the right bank.

By the end of Hammurabi’s reign, they comprised the majority of the inhabitants of what would became the Kingdom of Mitanni from the beginning of the fifteenth century until about theory years into the fourteen century BC, sandwiched in time between the Old Hittite Empire and the New.
Hurrian people
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