Saturday, July 30, 2022

The Kingdom of Chimor (c. 900–1470)

The Kingdom of Chimor, were a civilisation that occupied the northern coast of modern-day Peru from around 900 CE until 1470 CE. The Moche, an earlier civilization, was previously known as early Chimor or proto- Chimor.

Moche, also called Mochica, Andean civilization that flourished from the 1st to the 8th century CE on the northern coast of what is now Peru.

Eventually, the Chimor extended their territory even further south and in 1375 CE, under the rulership of Nancinpinco, conquered the Lambayeque (Sicán) culture absorbing some of their cultural practices and artistic ideas.

The La Leche Valley was also brought under Chimor control so that, at its height during the reign of Minchançaman c. 1400 CE, the area of Chimor influence stretched 1300 km along the coast of northern Peru.

Chimor culture was based on agriculture, aided by immense works of irrigation engineering. The Chimor also utilised Huachaques, sunken farms that removed the dry top layer of soil, to work with the rich, moist soil beneath; Walk-in wells; and large reservoirs to retain the water they gained from their hydraulic systems.

They did excellent work in textiles and in gold, silver, and copper. The Chimor apparently had a powerful military and a complex, well-organized social system. They built many well-planned cities; the largest and most impressive was their capital, Chan Chan.
The Kingdom of Chimor (c. 900–1470)

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